Practice Relating to Rule 157. Jurisdiction over War Crimes
Viet Nam’s Penal Code (1999) provides:
Foreigners who commit offences outside the territory of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam may be examined for penal liability according to the Penal Code of Viet Nam in circumstances provided for in the international treaties which the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam has signed or acceded to.
Viet Nam’s Criminal Code (2015), which includes war crimes, states:
EFFECT OF THE CRIMINAL CODE
Article 6. Effect of the Criminal Code on criminal offences committed outside the territory of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
2. Any foreigner or foreign corporate legal entity that commit[s] a criminal offence outside the territory of [the] Socialist Republic of Vietnam shall face criminal prosecution as prescribed by this Code if such offence infringes the lawful rights and interests of Vietnamese citizens or interest[s] of [the] Socialist Republic of Vietnam or under a[n] international agreement to which Vietnam is a signatory.