Practice Relating to Rule 67. Inviolability of Parlementaires
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) provides that a person who “intends to receive a parlementaire must suspend fire locally, for the time necessary for communication and for the return of the parlementaire and the persons accompanying him to their own lines”.
The manual further states:
The parlementaire recognized as such, the persons accompanying him and the related means of transportation (on land, in the air or at sea) are inviolable for the whole time necessary to the accomplishment of their mission.
The manual mentions the flag bearer, bugler, drummer and interpreter as the persons who may accompany a parlementaire.
Italy’s Combatant’s Manual (1998) states:
Parlementaires, i.e. those who request to meet with the Commanding Officer of the enemy unit to discuss a ceasefire or to surrender, are protected by the “White flag”.
IT IS PROHIBITED to deceive the enemy by raising a white flag and then opening fire.
IT IS PROHIBITED
to carry out any act of violence against Parlementaires and their escort, unless they carry out a hostile act first.
[emphasis in original]
Italy’s Law of War Decree (1938), as amended in 1992, provides that the person who “receives a parlementaire must suspend fire locally, during the communication, and give the parlementaire and all persons accompanying him the time necessary to return to their own lines”.
The Decree further states: “The parlementaire, as well as the bugler or drummer, the flag bearer and the interpreter accompanying him, are inviolable for the whole time necessary to the accomplishment of their mission.”