Practice Relating to Rule 4. Definition of Armed Forces
According to the Report on the Practice of the Islamic Republic of Iran, military communiqués issued during the Iran–Iraq War referred to armed forces as “Combatants of Islam” or “Devoters of Armed Forces”. In three of these communiqués, the armed forces are defined as personnel of the army and air force, Gendarmerie
, Revolutionary Guards (Sepah-e-Pasdaran
), armed tribesmen, Basseej and Jehad forces, volunteers and also the Kurdish commandos (Kurd Pihmerg
). Some other military communiqués also thanked tribesmen and ordinary people who had taken up arms against the “Iraqi aggressors”. The report specifies that, since all the military staff and armed forces were under a single command responsible to the Islamic Republic of Iran, the practice and opinio juris
of the Islamic Republic of Iran are consistent with Article 43 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I.