Practice Relating to Rule 40. Respect for Cultural Property
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
352.2- Special protection: (persons and objects specially protected.)
Certain categories of persons and objects benefit from special protection under the law of armed conflict and international humanitarian law, both in the civilian domain and in the military domain.
352.24 Cultural objects and places of worship:
These are objects which represent a high cultural value or have an important religious designation and whose immunity may not be withdrawn … [They include]:
- historic monuments;
- works of art;
- places of worship.
They benefit from special protection and do not have to be specially marked.
352.25 Marked cultural objects:
[There are two categories of marked cultural objects:]
- Cultural objects under general protection [such as] [m]onuments, archaeological sites, historic or artistic buildings; and
- Cultural objects of an exceptional value under special protection [such as] holdings of cultural goods and other goods of very high importance.
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (2007) states:
Article 31: Humanitarian rules
Every soldier must:
- ensure that cultural and religious property remains in place, during operations as well as during occupation, and in particular spare buildings dedicated to religion, art, science or charitable purposes, and historic monuments, as well as their staff.
For the application of the rules addressed in the two preceding paragraphs,
it is evidently necessary that the structures and buildings are not being used for military purposes.