Practice Relating to Rule 87
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in book III, volume 1 (instruction of first-year trainee officers):
II. The fundamental principles of IHL
Just as military operations are based on principles concerning attack, defence, withdrawal, etc., the law of armed conflicts contains a set of well-defined principles. These concrete principles reflect the realities of conflicts. They represent a balance between the principle of humanity and military necessity, and they are valid at all times, in all places, and in all circumstances. It is essential that these rules are known by all combatants. They must permanently be taken into consideration in every activity of assessment, planning, and military training or operation. The following principles can be found throughout the texts of the law of armed conflicts.
II.6. Humane treatment and non-discrimination
All persons must be treated humanely …Persons hors de combat
, such as surrendering combatants, combatants in situations of distress – men parachuting from a downed plane, wounded, sick and shipwrecked persons, prisoners of war and other persons captured and detained – must be identified as such and treated humanely.