Practice Relating to Rule 28. Medical Units
Uruguay’s Military Penal Code (1943), as amended, punishes military personnel, equiparados
and even persons unconnected with the armed forces “for unjustified attacks on hospitals and asylums”.
Uruguay’s Law on Cooperation with the ICC (2006) states:
26.2. Persons and objects affected by the war crimes set out in the present provision are persons and objects which international law protects in international or internal armed conflict.
26.3. The following are war crimes:
17. Intentionally directing attacks against … hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected, provided they are not military objectives.
32. Intentionally directing attacks against medical buildings, material [and] units.