United States of America
Practice Relating to Rule 9. Definition of Civilian Objects
The US Air Force Pamphlet (1976) states: “Civilian objects are all objects which are not military objectives.”
The US Naval Handbook (1995) defines civilian objects as “all civilian property and activities other than those used to support or sustain the enemy’s war-fighting capability”.
The US Naval Handbook (2007) states: “Civilian objects consist of all objects that are not military objectives”.