Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states that, in non-international armed conflicts, in situations where the liberty of persons has been restricted, “in case [such persons] … are compelled to work, they shall be accorded labour conditions and protection equally with the local civilian population”.
Ukraine’s Criminal Code (2001) penalizes the deportation of the civilian population to forced labour.
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
1.2.21. … Citizens of the enemy State shall not be forced to take part in hostilities against their State.
1.3.2. The following methods of warfare shall be prohibited:
- forcing persons who enjoy protection under international humanitarian law … to participate in hostilities.
1.8.5. Serious violations of international humanitarian law directed against people include:
compelling (a person) to serve in the forces of a hostile power.