Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
1.2.15. “Deportation” is forced expulsion of a person, group of persons or a nation from the place of permanent residence to another State.
1.4.16. … It shall be prohibited to issue orders and instructions regarding forcible movement of civilian persons in connection with the armed conflict unless this is required by the considerations of their security.
1.8.5. Serious violations of international humanitarian law directed against people include:
- deportation … or unlawful movement of the population of occupied territory (both within or outside this territory).
Under Ukraine’s Criminal Code (2001), deportation of the civilian population to forced labour is an offence.