Norma relacionada
Chad
Practice Relating to Rule 3. Definition of Combatants
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
Members of the armed forces and security forces of a country in conflict, members of militias, voluntary corps and resistance groups in a country in conflict, civilians who spontaneously take up arms during mass uprising are generally considered to be combatants.
Specific conventions establish the conditions for identifying combatants:
- wearing the uniform of the country in conflict;
- openly and visibly carrying weapons so that they can be seen by the enemy;
- the presence of identifiable leaders at the head of the troops;
- participation in an attack or deployment in preparation for a military operation;
- bearing distinctive signs that can be recognized from a distance. 
Chad, Droit international humanitaire, Manuel de l’instructeur en vigueur dans les forces armées et de sécurité, Ministère de la Défense, Présidence de la République, Etat-major des Armées, 2006, p. 42; see also pp. 21, 36 and 55.
The manual also states: “As members of a nation’s armed forces, they [combatants] are authorized by the law of war to take direct part in an armed conflict on behalf of their country or State.” 
Chad, Droit international humanitaire, Manuel de l’instructeur en vigueur dans les forces armées et de sécurité, Ministère de la Défense, Présidence de la République, Etat-major des Armées, 2006, p. 55.
The manual further states: “Medical and religious personnel have a special status and are not considered as combatants.” 
Chad, Droit international humanitaire, Manuel de l’instructeur en vigueur dans les forces armées et de sécurité, Ministère de la Défense, Présidence de la République, Etat-major des Armées, 2006, p. 56.