Norma relacionada
Chad
Practice Relating to Rule 153. Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Punish or Report War Crimes
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states that a commander is criminally liable if he fails to:
- prevent the violation when he knows, or must know, that it is to be committed;
- repress the violation if it is not criminal in nature;
- denounce the violation to the legal authority if it is criminal in nature. 
Chad, Droit international humanitaire, Manuel de l’instructeur en vigueur dans les forces armées et de sécurité, Ministère de la Défense, Présidence de la République, Etat-major des Armées, 2006, p. 110; see also pp. 70 and 76.