Norma relacionada
Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Chad’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
The inhabitants of an unoccupied territory who, as the enemy approaches, spontaneously take up arms en masse to combat the invading troops without having had the time to form regular armed forces will be considered to be combatants
(a) if they carry weapons openly;
(b) if they respect the law of war. 
Chad, Droit international humanitaire, Manuel de l’instructeur en vigueur dans les forces armées et de sécurité, Ministère de la Défense, Présidence de la République, Etat-major des Armées, 2006, p. 55.