Syrian Arab Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section I. Presence of the accused at the trial
In 2004, in its third periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, the Syrian Arab Republic stated:
Observance by military courts of guarantees provided in the Covenant [International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights]:
(d) Verdicts delivered by military and single-judge courts in absentia may be contested within a period of five days commencing on the day following the date of communicating the verdict. Except in specified cases, all such verdicts are subject to appeal (articles 15, 79 and 80 of the Military Penal and Criminal Procedure Code). In all cases, including exceptions specified by the law, article 81 of the Code authorizes the Minister of Defence to appeal judgements before the Court of Cassation. Article 15, paragraph 4, stipulates that sentences of capital punishment are excluded from these exceptions and they may be appealed before the Court of Cassation in all cases.