Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
In 2010, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Rwanda stated:
42. With regard to the conformity of the implementation of the  Optional Protocol [on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict] to the general principles of the  Convention on the Rights of the Child, the following should be noted.
43. Concerning … non-discrimination, Article 11 of the Constitution [of the Republic of Rwanda (2003)] specifies that:
All Rwandans are born and remain free and equal in rights and duties.
Discrimination of whatever kind based on, inter alia, ethnic origin, tribe, clan, colour, sex, region, social origin, religion or faith, opinion, economic status, culture, language, social status, physical or mental disability or any other form of discrimination is prohibited and punishable by law.
44. All national legal instruments conform to this constitutional principle. … Law [Relating to] the Rights and Protection of the [C]hild [A]gainst [V]iolence [(2001)] … is one of those laws. … [It] does not make any discrimination among [the] rights and obligations that it stipulates with regard to children, and this applies [also] to penal acts.
45. In practice, no discrimination is made among beneficiaries of rehabilitation and social reintegration measures. … [Although] there are very few girls who return according to official procedures, the facilities were however provided for them at the demobilisation camp ([such as] dormitories and toilet amenities separate from those of boys, [and the presence of] a female social worker).
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
A war crime is one of the following acts, committed during armed conflicts against persons or property protected under the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and its Additional Protocols I and II of 8 June 1977:
12° practices of apartheid and other inhuman and degrading practices involving outrages upon personal dignity, based on racial discrimination;
Shall be punished by one of the following penalties any person having committed one of the war crimes provided for in Article 8 of this law:
2° imprisonment for ten (10) to twenty (20) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 6°, 7°, 8°, 10° or 12° of Article 8 of this law.