Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
“War crime” shall also mean any of the following acts committed in armed conflicts:
2° plunder of public or private property;
Anyone who commits one of the war crimes provided for in Article 10 of this law shall be punished by the following penalties:
3° imprisonment for five (5) to ten (10) years, where he has committed a crime provided for in point 2° or 7° of Article 10 of this law.
In 1993, reacting to the report of pillage of civilian property by combatants of the Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR), the Rwandan Government asked the FPR to refrain from acts of pillage of civilian property.
Under Rwanda’s Penal Code (1977), pillage by civilians is a punishable offence.