Practice Relating to Rule 31. Humanitarian Relief Personnel
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
Shall be punished by imprisonment of six (6) months to five (5) years and a fine of fifty thousand (50,000) to one hundred thousand (100,000) Rwandan Francs, or one of these penalties alone, a person who:
1° engages in hostile acts against persons belonging to humanitarian organizations in the exercise of their functions.
On the basis of replies by army officers to a questionnaire, the Report on the Practice of Rwanda states that humanitarian personnel are protected in Rwanda; if necessary, they receive special protection from the Rwandan armed forces. The report notes that there is no practice in Rwanda which could be considered contrary to the principle of the protection of humanitarian personnel. According to the report, it is the opinio juris
of Rwanda that the principle of the protection of humanitarian personnel is an obligation binding upon all States under customary international law.