Norma relacionada
Rwanda
Practice Relating to Rule 157. Jurisdiction over War Crimes
Rwanda’s Law Setting up Gacaca Jurisdictions (2001) was enacted
to organize the putting on trial of persons prosecuted for having, between October 1, 1990 and December 31, 1994, committed acts qualified and punished by the penal code and which constitute … crimes of genocide or crimes against humanity as defined by the [1948 Genocide Convention], by [the 1949 Geneva Convention IV and the 1977 Additional Protocols], as well as in the [1968 UN Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity]. 
Rwanda, Law Setting up Gacaca Jurisdictions, 2001, Article 1(a).
The Law states:
Jurisdictions called on to try, by virtue of this law, offences of genocide and massacres, may try public actions filed against persons who have neither had address nor residence in Rwanda or who are outside Rwanda, when there is conclusive evidence or serious guilt clues, whether or not they have previously been cross-examined. 
Rwanda, Law Setting up Gacaca Jurisdictions, 2001, Article 93.
Rwanda’s Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts (2004) provides:
Title 2: Jurisdiction of courts
Chapter 1: Jurisdiction of ordinary courts
Article: 90
The High Court of the Republic shall have jurisdiction to try any person including non-nationals found within the territory of the Republic of Rwanda, alleged to have committed, outside the national boundaries, any crimes falling within the category of international or cross-border crimes, especially the crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, terrorism, hostage taking, drug trafficking, money laundering, theft of motor vehicles for sale abroad, human trafficking especially of young girls, slavery and other crimes of similar nature. …
Chapter 2: Competence of specialized jurisdictions
Section 1. Jurisdiction based on subject matter or competence of the court
Sub-section 2: The Military Tribunal
Article: 138
Without prejudice to the provisions of article 139 of this organic law, the Military Tribunal tries in the first instance all offences committed by all Military personnel irrespective of their rank.
It also has powers to try Military personnel accused of the crime of genocide and crimes against humanity committed in Rwanda between October 1st 1990 and December 31st 1994, which place them in the first category irrespective of their ranks.
Section 2. Territorial Jurisdiction of the Military Courts
Article: 140
Military Courts shall try all offences committed within and outside the territory of the Republic of Rwanda, provided they were committed by persons over whom the Military Courts have jurisdiction.
Military Courts may hear cases from anywhere within the territory of the Republic of Rwanda if the President of the Court deems it necessary. 
Rwanda, Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts, 2004, Articles 90, 138 and 140.
Rwanda’s Code of Criminal Procedure (2004) provides:
Any person, including a foreigner, within the territory of the Republic of Rwanda after having, while abroad, committed international crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, terrorism, taking people as hostages, sale of drugs, money laundering, stealing motor vehicles for sale abroad, trafficking [of human beings] and slavery, can be prosecuted and tried by Rwandan courts. 
Rwanda, Code of Criminal Procedure, 2004, Article 195.