Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 2010, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Rwanda stated:
Measures taken to prevent that a member of the armed forces who has not attained the age of 18 years is deployed or maintained in a region where conflicts are taking place, and obstacles met in the application of these measures
… Beyond the national territory, Rwandan children involved in armed conflicts in neighbouring countries, in particular in DRC [Democratic Republic of the Congo], have been disarmed and demobilized and are hence repatriated to be reintegrated into the society. The Government uses intensive diplomatic measures both at the national level and international level so that children held hostages are identified and repatriated.