Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
On the basis of replies by army officers to a questionnaire, the Report on the Practice of Rwanda states that, during the period 1990–1994, soldiers of the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) received basic instruction in IHL, and a military manual was issued. The report also notes that, with the agreement of the Rwandan authorities, training of officers of the armed forces in IHL is carried out by the ICRC.
In 2010, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Rwanda stated:
Measures taken to ensure training of the personnel in charge of the maintenance of peace on the rights of the child, and in particular on the provisions of the  Optional Protocol [on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict]
… In collaboration with [the] National Human Rights Commission, MINADEF [Ministry of Defence] organized training programmes [for] soldiers on the rights of the child. All divisions (5) have already received this training. This training is also given to soldiers who are sent on peace keeping missions in Darfur. The training of soldiers and the Police Force on the rights of the child is also carried out in collaboration between MINADEF, [the] National Police Force, [the] National Human Rights Commission, UNHCR and [the] ICRC.