Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
A war crime is one of the following acts, committed during armed conflicts against persons or property protected under the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and its Additional Protocols I and II of 8 June 1977:
7° forced displacement, transfer or deportation of the civilian population, or its systematic sending to and detention in concentration camps or forced labour camps;
13° the transfer of the population, or parts of it, by a party to the conflict into the occupied territory, its deportation within or outside the occupied territory, without taking its interests into account;
Shall be punished by one of the following penalties any person having committed one of the war crimes provided for in Article 8 of this law:
2° imprisonment for ten (10) to twenty (20) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 6°, 7°, 8°, 10° or 12° of Article 8 of this law;
3° imprisonment for five (5) to ten (10) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 4°, 5°, 13°, 14° or 15° of Article 8 of this law.
The Report on the Practice of Rwanda states that Rwanda’s State of Emergency Decree (1959) provides that the authorities may order the evacuation of the civilian population for security reasons and fix the modalities of their evacuation.