Practice Relating to Rule 110. Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
Rwanda’s Military Instructions (1987) provides that those wounded and sick during combat must be hospitalized.
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
“War crime” shall also mean any of the following acts committed in armed conflicts:
11° failure to medically treat the wounded, the sick, the shipwrecked and persons deprived of their liberty for reasons related to the armed conflict;
Anyone who commits one of the war crimes provided for in Article 10 of this law shall be punished by the following penalties:
2° imprisonment for ten (10) to twenty (20) years, where he has committed a crime provided for in point 3°, 8°, 11° or 12° of Article 10 of this law.
In 1997, a senior officer of the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) declared to a gathering of diplomats and NGO representatives that civilians caught in crossfire were being brought to hospital by members of the RPF in order to receive care.