Practice Relating to Rule 101. The Principle of Legality
Rwanda’s Constitution (2003) provides:
A state of emergency and a state of siege shall be governed by the law and declared by the President of the Republic, following a decision of the Cabinet.
A declaration of a state of siege or of a state of emergency shall not under any circumstances violate the right to life and physical integrity of the person, the rights accorded to people by law in relation to their status, capacity and nationality; the principle of non-retroactivity of criminal law; the right to legal defence; and freedom of conscience and religion.