Norma relacionada
Rwanda
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
Article: 8
A war crime is one of the following acts, committed during armed conflicts against persons or property protected under the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and its Additional Protocols I and II of 8 June 1977:
6° wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or a civilian of the rights of fair and regular trial;
15° the passing of sentences … without previous judgment pronounced by a competent court, and without respecting the rights of the accused;
Article: 9
Shall be punished by one of the following penalties any person having committed one of the war crimes provided for in Article 8 of this law:
2° imprisonment for ten (10) to twenty (20) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 6°, 7°, 8°, 10° or 12° of Article 8 of this law;
3° imprisonment for five (5) to ten (10) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 4°, 5°, 13°, 14° or 15° of Article 8 of this law. 
Rwanda, Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes, 2003, Articles 8–9.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
1° the accused shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing. 
Rwanda, Organic law concerning transfer of cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
1º a fair … hearing. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(1º).
Rwanda’s Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) provides:
Article: 8
A war crime is one of the following acts, committed during armed conflicts against persons or property protected under the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and its Additional Protocols I and II of 8 June 1977:
6° wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or a civilian of the rights of fair and regular trial;
15° the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a competent court, and without respecting the rights of the accused;
Article: 9
Shall be punished by one of the following penalties any person having committed one of the war crimes provided for in Article 8 of this law:
2° imprisonment for ten (10) to twenty (20) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 6°, 7°, 8°, 10° or 12° of Article 8 of this law;
3° imprisonment for five (5) to ten (10) years where he has committed a crime provided for in point 4°, 5°, 13°, 14° or 15° of Article 8 of this law. 
Rwanda, Law Repressing the Crime of Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes, 2003, Articles 8–9.
Rwanda’s Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts (2004) provides:
Title 1. Organization and functioning
Article: 64
Courts shall be independent and separate from other State institutions.
However, due to complementarity with other State institutions, the President of each court is responsible for ensuring better collaboration between the court for which he or she is the President and other government institutions. In that regard, he or she shall inform leaders of government institutions within the jurisdictions of the court all necessary and relevant issues for the accomplishment of their responsibilities, if such information does not prejudice professional secrecy and the principle of judicial independence.
Title 2. Jurisdiction of courts
Chapter 2: Competence of specialized jurisdictions
Section 3. General provisions related to Military Courts
Article: 143
The Judges of Military Courts shall, in the exercise of their judicial duties, be fully independent. They shall have unfettered discretion in the trial of cases before them and shall decide them without any pressure. 
Rwanda, Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts, 2004, Articles 64 and 143.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda ] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
2° the accused shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty. 
Rwanda, Organic law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
2º presumption of innocen[ce] until proved guilty. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(2º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
3° the accused shall be informed promptly and in detail in a language which he or she understands, of the nature and the cause of the charge against him. 
Rwanda, Organic law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
3º to be informed promptly and in detail in a language which he [or] she understands, of the nature and the cause of the charge against him [or her]. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(3º).
Rwanda’s Constitution (2003) provides:
Article: 137
A state of emergency and a state of siege shall be governed by the law and declared by the President of the Republic, following a decision of the Cabinet.
A declaration of a state of siege or of a state of emergency shall not under any circumstances violate the right to life and physical integrity of the person, the rights accorded to people by law in relation to their status, capacity and nationality; the principle of non-retroactivity of criminal law; the right to legal defence; and freedom of conscience and religion. 
Rwanda, Constitution, 2003, Article 137.
Rwanda’s Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts (2004) provides:
Chapter 2: Competence of specialized jurisdictions
Section 1. Jurisdiction based on subject matter or competence of the court
Article: 138
Without prejudice to the provisions of article 139 of this organic law, the Military Tribunal tries in the first instance all offences committed by all Military personnel irrespective of their rank.
It also has powers to try Military personnel accused of the crime of genocide and crimes against humanity committed in Rwanda between October 1st 1990 and December 31st 1994, which place them in the first category irrespective of their ranks.
Section 3. General provisions related to Military Courts
Article: 144
Persons tried by Military Courts shall have the right to legal representation and defence on cases against them at any stage of the trial. 
Rwanda, Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts, 2004, Articles 138 and 144.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
4° the accused shall be given adequate time and facilities to prepare his defence;
6° the accused shall be entitled to counsel of his choice in any examination. In case he or she has no means to pay, he or she shall be entitled to a legal representation;
Article: 15 Defence Counsel
Without prejudice to the provisions of other laws of Rwanda, Defence Counsel and their support staff shall have the right to enter into Rwanda and move freely within Rwanda to perform their duties. They shall not be subject to search, seizure, arrest or detention in the performance of their legal duties.
The Defence Counsel and their support staff shall, at their request, be provided with appropriate security and protection. 
Rwanda, Organic Law Concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Articles 13 and 15.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
4º adequate time and facilities to prepare his [or] her defense;
6º entitlement to counsel of his [or] her choice in any examination. In case he [or] she has no means to pay, he [or] she shall be entitled to legal representation;
Without prejudice to the relevant laws on contempt of court and perjury, no person shall be criminally liable for anything said or done in the course of a trial. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(4º) and (6º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
5° the accused shall be entitled to a speedy trial without undue delay. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
5º a speedy trial without undue delay. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(5º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Chapter 2. Production of evidence
Article: 9 Evidence provided to ICTR by witnesses
Statements of testimonies of witnesses given before the ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] and records of depositions of witnesses made before the ICTR in accordance with the ICTR Procedure and Evidence, shall be admissible before the High Court of the Republic provided that the testimony or deposition is relevant to a fact in issue. The High Court may exclude evidence given by a witness under protective measures where its probative value is outweighed by its prejudicial value.
Nothing in this provision shall prejudice the right of the accused to request the attendance of witnesses as referred to in Paragraph One of this Article for the purpose of cross-examination.
Article: 10 Statement by expert witnesses before the ICTR
The statement of an expert witness entered into the case file in any proceedings before the first Trial Chamber of the ICTR shall be admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings conducted in the High Court of the Republic without the appearance of the expert witness in the proceedings.
If the statement of an expert witness mentioned in Paragraph One of this Organic Law is admitted in the case file, it shall be admitted as evidence of fact or as an opinion the expert would have provided in the court.
Pursuant to Article 6 of this Organic Law, the High Court of the Republic shall admit in the file an expert witness testimony basing on the statements the expert adduced in the first instance Trial Chamber of ICTR in another case.
However, the expert is required to have been previously informed of his or her rights and obligations regarding his or her testimony and the testimony shall specify on the existence or non-existence of facts relevant to the case under trial. This Article shall not deny the accused person of the right to request for the summoning of an expert witness referred to in Paragraph One of this Article for cross-examination or to call an expert witness to challenge the statement of another expert witness given before the ICTR.
Chapter 3. Rights and security
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
8° to examine, or have a person to examine for him or her the witnesses against him;
9° to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses on his behalf under the same conditions as witnesses against him or her. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Articles 9, 10 and 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
9º to examine, or have a person to examine on his [or] her behalf the witnesses against him [or] her;
10º to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses on his [or] her behalf under the same conditions as witnesses against him [or] her. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(9º) and (10º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
7° the accused shall have the right to be tried in his or her presence. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
8º the right to be tried in his [or] her presence. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(8º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
10° The accused shall have the right to remain silent and not to be compelled to incriminate him or herself. 
Rwanda, Organic law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
7º the right to remain silent and not to be compelled to incriminate him[- or] herself. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(7º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts (2004) provides:
Title 2: Jurisdiction of courts
Chapter 1: Jurisdiction of ordinary courts
Article: 90
The High Court of the Republic shall have jurisdiction to try any person including non-nationals found within the territory of the Republic of Rwanda, alleged to have committed, outside the national boundaries, any crimes falling within the category of international or cross-border crimes, especially the crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, terrorism, hostage taking, drug trafficking, money laundering, theft of motor vehicles for sale abroad, human trafficking especially of young girls, slavery and other crimes of similar nature. …
Title 3: General provisions related to ordinary courts
Article: 167
Court hearings shall be conducted in public unless the Court orders the hearing to be in camera, when it appears that such proceedings may jeopardize public order or cause breach of public morals. 
Article: 168
Every judgement shall contain reasons thereof and shall be read in public, within 30 days from the date of closing the hearing. 
Rwanda, Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts, 2004, Articles 90 and 167–168.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 13 Guarantee of rights of an accused person
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda of June 4, 2003 as amended to date or Laws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law n° 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] to Rwanda is guaranteed the following rights:
1º the accused shall be entitled to a fair and public hearing. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Article 13.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007), as amended in 2009, states:
Without prejudice to other rights guaranteed under the laws of Rwanda, including the Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda … (2003) as amended to date or [l]aws relating to the Code of Criminal Procedure [(2004)] … and the [1966] International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as ratified by the Decree Law No. 08/75 of February 12, 1975, the accused person in the case transferred by [the] ICTR to Rwanda shall be guaranteed the following rights:
1º a … public hearing. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, as amended in 2009, Article 13(1º).
Rwanda’s Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts (2004) provides:
Title 2: Jurisdiction of courts
Chapter 1: Jurisdiction of ordinary courts
Article: 90
The High Court of the Republic shall have jurisdiction to try any person including non-nationals found within the territory of the Republic of Rwanda, alleged to have committed, outside the national boundaries, any crimes falling within the category of international or cross-border crimes, especially the crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, terrorism, hostage taking, drug trafficking, money laundering, theft of motor vehicles for sale abroad, human trafficking especially of young girls, slavery and other crimes of similar nature. …
Article: 103
Cases tried in first instance by the High Court of the Republic, whether penal, civil or administrative, may be reviewed by the same court, and appealed in the Supreme Court.
Chapter 2: Competence of specialized jurisdictions
Section 1. Jurisdiction based on subject matter or competence of the court
Sub-section 2: The Military Tribunal
Article: 138
Without prejudice to the provisions of article 139 of this organic law, the Military Tribunal tries in the first instance all offences committed by all Military personnel irrespective of their rank.
It also has powers to try Military personnel accused of the crime of genocide and crimes against humanity committed in Rwanda between October 1st 1990 and December 31st 1994, which place them in the first category irrespective of their ranks.
Section 3. General provisions related to Military Courts
Article: 141
Cases heard by the Military Courts may be reviewed or appealed against. Judgments rendered by the military court shall be reviewed in the same court and appealed against in the Military High Court.
Cases heard in the first instance by the Military High Court may be reviewed by the same Court and appealed against in the Supreme Court. If they were heard in the second instance by that court, they may be appealed against in the Supreme Court, provided the sentence passed by the Military High Court is equivalent to or exceeds ten (10) years of imprisonment. 
Rwanda, Organic Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts, 2004, Articles 90, 103, 138 and 141.
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Chapter 4. Appeals and case review
Article: 16 Appeals
Both the prosecution and the accused have the right to appeal against any decision taken by the High Court of the Republic upon one or all of the following grounds:
1° an error on a question of law invalidating the decision, or;
2° an error of fact which has occasioned a miscarriage of justice.
The Supreme Court may uphold or invalidate some or all of the decisions of the High Court of the Republic. Where necessary, it may order the High Court of the Republic to review the case.
Article: 17 Case review
The President of the High Court of the Republic shall, upon an application by a party in accordance with Article 180 and other provisions of the law relating to the Code of the Criminal Procedure, basing on new arguments, constitute a bench composed of three (3) judges in the High Court of the Republic in charge of taking a decision on the application for a review of case with new arguments the same court had tried. The review proceedings with new arguments shall be conducted pursuant to the relevant provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure of Rwanda as well as the provisions of the Law Determining the Organization, Functioning and Jurisdiction of Courts in Rwanda.
The President of the High Court of the Republic may, if considered necessary, assign the judge who heard the case with the designated bench of judges in a case which he tried in order to take a decision on the case which was requested for review with new arguments. 
Rwanda, Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States, 2007, Articles 16–17.