Practice Relating to Rule 55. Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
Section A. Access for humanitarian relief
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) states that the military commander must “give all facilities to the International Committee of the Red Cross and the National Society of Red Cross (Red Crescent) in order for them to carry out their functions on behalf of the victims of armed conflicts”.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states in its chapter on the behaviour of forces in occupied territory,: “The commander shall … organize co-operation with humanitarian organizations on issues related to relief delivery.”
In 2012, in a statement before the UN Security Council during a meeting on the situation in the Middle East, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation stated:
Humanitarian organizations and agencies must have access to the sites in neighbouring countries where there are Syrian refugees, in order to properly assess the situation and provide appropriate assistance. … In general, humanitarian assistance must be carried out strictly within the framework of international law.