Practice Relating to Rule 31. Humanitarian Relief Personnel
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states: “persons protected by international humanitarian law
include … personnel involved in humanitarian operations … Attacks against such persons are prohibited.”
In 1996, following the killing of six ICRC medical aid workers in Chechnya, the Russian Government condemned the murders and ordered the police to investigate the crime. The Prime Minister of Chechnya stated that his government “would do everything possible to see that the murderers are severely punished as soon as possible”.
In 2009, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation stated:
[W]e are deeply concerned about the escalation of the crisis in Gaza as a result of Israel’s military operation … [and] the deaths of humanitarian personnel from Israeli fire. Those actions are absolutely inappropriate and are flagrant violations of international law.