Practice Relating to Rule 115. Disposal of the Dead
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) states that the emergency disposal of the dead is one of the activities of civil defence that helps eliminate the immediate effects of hostilities or disaster.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) provides:
Search for, collection, identification and burial of the dead members of the enemy armed forces as well as of other victims of armed conflicts shall be organized immediately, as soon as the situation permits, and carried out to … bury them with due dignity and respect as required by ethical principles.
With regard to internal armed conflict, the Regulations states: “Whenever circumstances permit and particularly after an engagement, all possible measures shall be taken, without delay … to search for the dead [and] to decently dispose of them.”