Practice Relating to Rule 92. Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
Serbia’s Law on Enforcement of Penal Sanctions (2005) states: “Any treatment subjecting a prisoner to any form of … experimental treatment is forbidden and punishable.”
Serbia’s Criminal Code (2005) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering or committing “biological, medical or other research experiments, or taking of tissue or organs for transplantation or performing other acts causing harm to health or inflicting great suffering” against the civilian population, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime.
The Criminal Code further states that ordering or committing “biological, medical or other research experiment, taking of tissue or body organs for transplantation” against the wounded and sick or prisoners of war, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime.
The Criminal Code also states: “Whoever … hides or holds another person with intent to exploit such person … [by] removal of organs or body parts … shall be punished by imprisonment of [from] two to twelve years.”
In 2006, in its initial report to the Committee against Torture, Serbia stated that “no one may be subjected to medical or scientific experiments”.