Norma relacionada
Peru
Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
The occupying power may only compel the inhabitants of the occupied territory to do work which is necessary for:
(1) the needs of the army of occupation;
(2) public utility services;
(3) the feeding, sheltering, clothing, transportation or health of the population of the occupied territory.
Inhabitants of the occupied territory under eighteen years of age may not be compelled to work.
The inhabitants of the occupied territory may not be compelled to undertake any work which would involve them in the obligation of taking part in military operations. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 62.a.
The manual also states:
The occupying power may only requisition the following items:
(1) services of medical personnel.
Such items may only be requisitioned to the extent that they are required by the army and administrative personnel and when the needs of the civilian population are covered. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 64.a.(1).
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states:
The occupying power may only compel the inhabitants of the occupied territory to do work which is necessary for:
(1) the needs of the army of occupation;
(2) public utility services;
(3) the feeding, sheltering, clothing, transportation or health of the population of the occupied territory.
Inhabitants of the occupied territory under eighteen years of age may not be compelled to work.
The inhabitants of the occupied territory may not be compelled to undertake any work which would involve them in the obligation to take part in military operations. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 63(a), p. 266.
The manual also states:
The occupying power may only requisition the following items:
(1) services of medical personnel.
Such items may only be requisitioned to the extent that they are required by the army and administrative personnel and when the needs of the civilian population are covered. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 65(a), p. 267.
In a section on prisoners of war, the manual states: “The labour of prisoners of war may be utilized according to their physical aptitude in terms of their age, sex or military grade”. 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 47, p. 258.
The manual also states that “international law prohibits employing prisoners of war for this work [i.e. the removal of landmines or similar objects], which is considered dangerous, unless the prisoners of war volunteer.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, p. 414.
Peru’s Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement (2005) states:
Internally displaced persons who return to their places of habitual residence or who have resettled in another part of the country have a right to:
k) Be protected against forced labour. 
Peru, Regulations to the Law on Internal Displacement, 2005, Article 6(k).
Peru’s IHL Manual (2004) states: “The occupying power … may not compel the inhabitants of the occupied territory to serve in its armed or auxiliary forces.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial Nº 1394-2004-DE/CCFFAA/CDIH-FFAA, Lima, 1 December 2004, § 62.a.
Peru’s IHL and Human Rights Manual (2010) states: “The occupying power … may not compel the inhabitants of the occupied territory to serve in its armed or auxiliary forces.” 
Peru, Manual de Derecho Internacional Humanitario y Derechos Humanos para las Fuerzas Armadas, Resolución Ministerial No. 049-2010/DE/VPD, Lima, 21 May 2010, § 63(a), p. 265.
Peru’s Code of Military Justice (1980) provides that compelling prisoners of war to fight against their own forces is a violation of the law of nations. 
Peru, Code of Military Justice, 1980, Article 95(1).
Peru’s Code of Military and Police Justice (2006) states:
Any member of the military or police shall be imprisoned for a period of no less than five and no more than 15 years if he or she in the context of an international armed conflict:
3. Compels a protected person by means of violence or serious threat to serve in the armed forces of a hostile power, or
4. Compels a member of the hostile party by means of violence or serious threat to take part in the operations of war directed against their own country. 
Peru, Code of Military and Police Justice, 2006, Article 93(3)–(4).
This article is no longer in force. Along with certain other articles in this legislation, it was declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court (en banc decision for case file No. 0012-2006-PI-TC, 8 January 2007) because it does not stipulate a crime committed in the line of duty that would fall under the jurisdiction of a military court pursuant to Article 173 of Peru’s Constitution.
Peru’s Military and Police Criminal Code (2010), in a chapter entitled “Crimes against persons protected by international humanitarian law”, states:
A member of the military or the police shall be punished with deprivation of liberty of not less five years and not more than ten years if, in a state of emergency and when the Armed Forces assume control of the internal order, he or she:
3. Compels a protected person by using violence or by threatening serious harm to serve in the armed forces of an enemy power, or
4. Obliges a member of the adverse party by using violence or by threatening serious harm to take part in belligerent operations against their own country. 
Peru, Military and Police Criminal Code, 2010, Article 90(3)–(4).