Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Panama’s Emblem Law (2001) provides:
The emblem of the Red Cross, as well as its denominations, shall only be used for the purposes provided for in the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the[ir] Additional Protocols.
Any person, whether physical or legal, who, without being entitled to do so, makes use of the emblem of the Red Cross or Red Crescent, of the words Red Cross
or Red Crescent
, of a distinctive sign, denomination or signal which constitutes an imitation thereof or which can create confusion … shall be punished.