Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 1980, during a debate in the Special Political Committee of the UN General Assembly on Israeli practices in the occupied territories, Oman stated that the obligations imposed by Article 1 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV on all State parties involved “collective action to ensure adherence to the Convention, non-recognition of measures taken in contravention of its provisions and refraining from offering any aid to the occupying Power which might encourage it in its obstinacy”.
Upon accession to the 1977 Additional Protocols I and II, Oman declared:
While deposing these instruments, the Government of the Sultanate of Oman declares that these accessions shall in no way amount to recognition of nor the establishment of any relations with Israel with respect to the application of the provisions of the said protocols.