Practice Relating to Rule 53. Starvation as a Method of Warfare
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) provides: “Starvation of civilians as a method of warfare is prohibited.”
The manual also states that Article 54 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I “expands the customary protection as follows: 1. Starvation of civilians as a method of warfare is prohibited.”
The manual further stresses that the 1977 Additional Protocol II “forbids starvation as a method of combat”.
Under New Zealand’s International Crimes and ICC Act (2000), war crimes include the crime defined in Article 8(2)(b)(xxv) of the 1998 ICC Statute.