Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section A. Direct participation in hostilities
Nigeria’s Operational Code of Conduct (1967) states: “Youths and school children must not be attacked unless they are engaged in open hostilities against Federal Government Forces.” It further states: “male civilians who are hostile to the Federal Forces are to be dealt with firmly but fairly”.
According to Nigeria’s Manual on the Laws of War, “participation in hostilities by civilians” is an example of a war crime.
The Report on the Practice of Nigeria states that it is the opinio juris
of Nigeria that the rule that civilians are deprived of protection when they engage in hostilities against federal forces is part of customary international law.