Practice Relating to Rule 34. Journalists
Nigeria’s Military Manual (1994) provides: “Journalists engaged in dangerous professional missions in [an] area of armed conflict shall be considered as civilians within the meaning of Article 50, paragraph 1 [of the 1977 Additional Protocol I]”.
The manual further states:
Journalists now turn victims of circumstance. A case in point is the brutal killing of two Nigerian journalists from Guardian Newspaper and Champion by Charles Taylor’s faction in Liberia. It is common news and knowledge that journalists in most of these international armed conflicts are arrested, detained, intimidated and above all killed. This therefore is a failure of the provision of the Geneva Conventions.
According to the Report on the Practice of Nigeria, Nigeria’s practice in relation to journalists is that they should not be arrested, detained, intimidated or killed in armed conflicts.