Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Section A. Forced displacement
Nigeria’s Manual on the Laws of War states:
Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions are considered as serious war crimes when committed against:
(c) persons and property protected under the Civilian Convention [the 1949 Geneva Convention IV]: unlawful deportation or transfer.
Nigeria’s Geneva Conventions Act (1960) punishes any person who “whether in or outside the Federation, … whatever his nationality, commits, or aids, abets or procures any other person to commit any such grave breach of any of the [1949 Geneva] Conventions”.
In 1994, during a debate in the UN Security Council, Nigeria condemned the forced displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Women and especially girls are particularly exposed to violence in conflict. Violence against women affects a third of all women globally. The violence is often amplified in areas affected by conflict. As we see in many parts of the world today, extremism and terrorism are prominent features of conflict situations, often constituting new kinds of threats to women’s rights and lives and causing flight and displacement. We need to prevent and combat these violations of women and girls’ fundamental human rights.