Republic of Moldova
Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
The Republic of Moldova’s Penal Code (1961) punishes:
the unlawful wearing and abuse of the signs of the red cross and red crescent in areas of military operations by persons not entitled to wear them, as well as the abuse in time of war of the flags or signs of the red cross and red crescent and the emblem of the ambulances and vehicles of sanitary evacuation.
The Republic of Moldova’s Penal Code (2002) punishes “the use by unauthorized persons of the red cross emblem and of the name ‘Red Cross’, as well as the insignia which may be confused with the red cross emblem, if such an act causes grave consequences”.
The Republic of Moldova’s Emblem Law (1999) punishes “the use of the emblem of the red cross, of the words ‘Red Cross’, by individuals and legal persons not entitled to such use, as well as the use of signs which can be identified with the emblem of the red cross”.