Norma relacionada
Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
The Republic of Korea’s Chemical Weapons Act (1996) provides:
(1) A person who develops, produces, stockpiles, transfers or uses chemical weapons or assists or induces any other person to do so in violation of Article 3(1) shall be punished by life imprisonment or imprisonment for not less than five years or a fine not exceeding 100 million Wons.
(2) A person who causes harm to human life, body or property or disturbs the public peace through the use of chemical weapons shall be punished by the death penalty, life imprisonment or imprisonment for not less than seven years. 
Republic of Korea, Chemical Weapons Act, 1996, Chapter VII, Article 25.
The Republic of Korea’s Chemical Weapons Act (2006) provides:
Article 3 (Duty of Prohibition of Chemical Weapons)
(1) No person shall develop, produce, stockpile, transfer or use chemical weapons or assist or induce another person to do so.
Article 25 (Penal Provisions)
(1) A person who develops, produces, stockpiles, transfers or uses chemical weapons or assists or induces any other person to do so in violation of paragraph 1 of Article 3 shall be punished by life imprisonment, imprisonment for not less than 5 years or a fine not exceeding 100 million Wons.
(2) A person who causes harm to human life, body or property or disturbs the public peace through the use of chemical weapons shall be punished by death penalty, life imprisonment or imprisonment for not less than 7 years. 
Republic of Korea, Chemical Weapons Act, 2006, Articles 3(1) and 25.
The Republic of Korea’s ICC Act (2007) provides for the punishment of anyone who commits the war crime of employing chemical weapons in both international and non-international armed conflicts. 
Republic of Korea, ICC Act, 2007, Article 14(1)(2).
In 1989, in reply to a note verbale of the UN Secretary-General on the subject of chemical weapons, the Republic of Korea declared that it did not possess chemical weapons. 
Republic of Korea, Reply to a note verbale of the UN Secretary-General, referred to in Report of the Secretary-General on respect for the right to life: elimination of chemical weapons, prepared in accordance with UN Sub-Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1988/27, UN Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1989/4, 17 August 1989, § 98.
In 1994, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, the Republic of Korea stated that it was dedicated to the elimination of chemical weapons. 
Republic of Korea, Statement before the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, UN Doc. A/C.1/49/PV.6, 19 October 1994, p. 12.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, the Republic of Korea emphasized the importance of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention and stated its commitment and its determination to contribute actively to the realization of the Convention’s aims. 
Republic of Korea, Statement at the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, The Hague, 6–23 May 1997.
According to the Report on the Practice of the Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea is of the view that the prohibition on the use of chemical weapons is customary. 
Report on the Practice of the Republic of Korea, 1997, Chapter 3.4.