Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
The Republic of Korea’s Military Regulation 187 (1991) considers the illegal use of the red cross emblem as a war crime.
The Republic of Korea’s Military Law Manual (1996) prohibits the improper use of the red cross emblem.
The Republic of Korea’s Red Cross Society Act (1949), as amended in 2002, provides:
The use by individuals, societies, firms or companies other than the Red Cross Society, medical institutions of the armed forces or those entitled by the Red Cross Society, of the Red Cross or equivalent emblems … shall be prohibited at all times.
The Republic of Korea’s ICC Act (2007) provides for the punishment of anyone who commits the war crime of “[making] improper use of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions …, resulting in a person’s death or serious personal injury” in both international and non-international armed conflicts.