Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Section B. Compelling persons to serve in the forces of a hostile power
Iraq’s Law of the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal (2005) provides that “[c]ompelling a prisoner of war or other protected person to serve in the forces of a hostile power” constitutes as a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Conventions.
Under the Law, “[c]ompelling the nationals of the hostile party to take part in military operations directed against their own country, even if they were in the belligerent’s service before the commencement of the war” is a serious violation of the laws and customs of war applicable in international armed conflicts