Practice Relating to Rule 47. Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
Ireland’s Basic LOAC Guide (2005) states: “Persons not directly taking part in hostilities and those being ‘hors de combat’ i.e. put out of action through sickness, injury, or captivity, must
be respected and protected against the effects of war.”
(emphasis in original)
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that grave breaches of the 1977 Additional Protocol I are punishable offences.
The Act adds that “any minor breach” of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 41(1), is also a punishable offence.