Practice Relating to Rule 118. Provision of Basic Necessities to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Ireland’s Basic LOAC Guide (2005) states that “all PWs [prisoners of war] are entitled to medical attention” and that “captors must supply the PWs with sufficient food, drinkable water, clothing and medical attention and take precautions to ensure their safety”.
The manual further states:
The conditions under which PWs are quartered must be safe and healthy. They should be at least as good as those for the Detaining Power’s own forces, making allowance for the PWs habits and customs. The basic food rations must be sufficient in quantity, quality and variety for good health and take the PWs habitual diet into account. Working prisoners must have the additional rations that their labour requires. All PWs must have sufficient drinking water. PWs must never be subjected to collective disciplinary measures which affect their food.
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Articles 25–32, 72, 73 and 125 of the Geneva Convention III and Articles 76, 85, 87, 89–92, 108, 109 and 142 of the Geneva Convention IV, as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 5(1)(b) and (c), are punishable offences.