Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Indonesia’s Air Force Manual (1990) states that a person who is not a member of the armed forces nor a member of a militia but participates in the hostilities is an unlawful combatant and is considered a military objective.
Indonesia’s Military Manual (1982) considers that attacks on civilians are prohibited.
Indonesia’s Military Penal Code (1947) provides for the punishment of military personnel who are found guilty of having committed attacks against civilians.