Practice Relating to Rule 47. Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991) states that the denial of quarter is a prohibited method of warfare.
The Compendium further states that “attacks on persons ‘hors de combat’” are a grave breach and a war crime.
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) provides: “A combatant who is recognized (or should be recognized) as being out of combat may not be attacked.”
Under Croatia’s Instructions on Basic Rules of IHL (1993), it is prohibited to kill or injure members of the enemy armed forces who are hors de combat
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), “an attack against … those hors de combat
” is a war crime.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a war crime is committed by:
Whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, armed conflict or occupation and orders [or commits] an attack against … those hors de combat
, resulting in death, severe bodily harm or serious damage to people’s health.