Practice Relating to Rule 89. Violence to Life
Finland’s Revised Penal Code (1995) provides for the punishment of acts of killing perpetrated as a part of the crime of genocide.
Finland’s Criminal Code (1889), as amended in 2008, provides that any person who “kills another” shall be “sentenced for a war crime
to imprisonment for at least one year or for life”.
(emphasis in original)
In 2003, in its fifth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Finland stated:
The Emergency Powers Act (1080/1991) requires that the basic necessities of the population, the maintenance of law and order and the protection of the territorial integrity and independence of Finland be ensured in emergency situations. Section 9 (198/2000) specifically provides that the rights protected by the Constitution or other recognised rights may only be restricted under the Emergency Powers Act to the extent it is necessary in order to control the situation … The Emergency Powers Act may not be applied with a view to restricting the right to life and integrity of person.