Practice Relating to Rule 63. Use of Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of Neutral or Other States Not Party to the Conflict
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) prohibits the use of flags, emblems or uniforms of neutral States.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “It is prohibited to … use the flags, emblems or uniforms of neutral States.”
Spain’s Military Criminal Code (1985) punishes any soldier who “displays improperly … neutral flags and emblems”.
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) punishes “anyone who, during an armed conflict … uses improperly … the flag, uniform, insignia or distinctive emblem … of neutral States … or States that are not parties to the conflict”.