Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section A. Direct participation in hostilities
The Report on the Practice of Egypt (1997) states that according to Egypt’s Military Criminal Code, “armed gangs and rebels” are considered to be “enemies”.
The Report on the Practice of Egypt notes that the immunity from attack granted to the civilian population – provided that civilians do not participate in military operations – is justified by the “dictates of humanity and the cultural and civilian heritage of all nations and peoples”.