Practice Relating to Rule 153. Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Punish or Report War Crimes
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states:
Means of repression
These are means which implement the obligation of parties to a conflict to prevent and stop any violation [of IHL]. Concerning mechanisms of repression, the following are stressed in particular:
- The criminal and disciplinary responsibility of superiors and the obligation which military commanders or commanders of the police force have to repress and denounce violations [of IHL].