Practice Relating to Rule 143. Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states: “States are bound to respect [international] humanitarian law. The preventive mechanisms include in particular the dissemination of IHL …”.
In 2016, in its combined initial and second periodic reports to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Djibouti stated:
VI. Article 7 [of the 1965 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination]
158. At the intermediate level, in eighth and ninth grade (4th and 3rd grades in the French “college” system), for children aged 14 and 15, the focus is on learning about humanitarian law.
159. The three units taught in eighth grade cover: humanitarian issues (images and perceptions of war, humanitarian action, the witness dilemma); limits in armed conflicts (international humanitarian law, child soldiers, weapons); and the law in action (recognizing violations, combatants’ points of view, assigning responsibility).
160. The three modules in the ninth year deal with the concepts of “rendering justice”, “dealing with the consequences of war” and “ethical foundations of humanitarian action”.