Norma relacionada
Colombia
Practice Relating to Rule 31. Humanitarian Relief Personnel
Colombia’s Operational Law Manual (2009) states:
iii. Humanitarian relief personnel
“Humanitarian relief personnel must be respected and protected.” Their safety is an indispensable condition for “the delivery of humanitarian relief to civilian populations in need that are threatened with starvation”.
This rule is applicable to both international and non-international armed conflict. Intentionally directing attacks against personnel involved in humanitarian missions is a war crime, as long as such persons are entitled to the protection accorded to civilians. (In this sense, members of the armed forces are not entitled to this protection.)
In addition to the prohibition of attacks, “practice indicates that the harassment, intimidation and arbitrary detention of humanitarian relief personnel are prohibited”. State practice also requires that parties to a conflict ensure the safety of humanitarian relief personnel. 
Colombia, Manual de Derecho Operacional Manual FF.MM. 3-41 Público, Primera Edición 2009, Comando General de las Fuerzas Militares, aprobado por el Comandante General de las Fuerzas Armadas por Disposición Número 056, 7 December 2009, pp. 45–46.
[footnotes in original omitted]
The manual also states:
4. Rules of engagement
c. Definitions
(i) Definition for rules of engagement for land combat …
- Protected persons: Protected persons are the following: … (vii) humanitarian relief personnel[.] 
Colombia, Manual de Derecho Operacional Manual FF.MM. 3-41 Público, Primera Edición 2009, Comando General de las Fuerzas Militares, aprobado por el Comandante General de las Fuerzas Armadas por Disposición Número 056, 7 December 2009, pp. 103, 107 and 109.
Colombia’s Decree No. 138 (2005) states: “All authorities and persons in Colombia must protect the … relief personnel and the persons who permanently or temporarily carry out humanitarian tasks in situations of armed conflict or natural disasters”. 
Colombia, Decree No. 138, 2005, Article 16.
In 2007, in the Constitutional Case No. C-291/07, the Plenary Chamber of Colombia’s Constitutional Court stated:
International humanitarian law, in its treaty and customary form applicable in internal armed conflicts, provides for the special protection of certain categories of persons and property particularly vulnerable to the effects of war. The main categories of persons and objects specially protected [include] … humanitarian relief personnel. 
Colombia, Constitutional Court, Constitutional Case No. C-291/07, Judgment of 25 April 2007, p. 120.
In 2010, in the El Iguano case, the Justice and Peace Chamber of Colombia’s High District Court of Bogotá convicted a member of the paramilitary group Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia) of several crimes committed against the civilian population. The Court stated:
[T]he protected persons mentioned in article 135 of the [2000] Penal Code [on the prohibition of killing protected persons during an armed conflict] fall into these categories: … 3) … any other person who is a protected person under the four [1949] Geneva Conventions], their [1977] Additional Protocols or any other convention on this subject matter that is going to be ratified. 
Colombia, High District Court of Bogotá, El Iguano case, Judgment, 2 December 2010, § 216.
[footnote in original omitted].