Norma relacionada
Colombia
Practice Relating to Rule 155. Defence of Superior Orders
Colombia’s Basic Military Manual (1995) states:
Under the terms of Chapter IX of the First Geneva Convention relative to the repression of abuses and infractions, IHL establishes the principle of individual responsibility, that is to say, that acting pursuant to superior orders does not relieve the person of his responsibility for the grave breaches he may commit. 
Colombia, Derecho Internacional Humanitario – Manual Básico para las Personerías y las Fuerzas Armadas de Colombia, Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, 1995, p. 37.
Colombia’s Operational Law Manual (2009) states:
According to criminal responsibility, a person can be held responsible:
d. For acts committed when determining the punishable offence – for example, by giving an order – in which case the determinator and the person executing the order, in other words the material executor, are held responsible [footnote: “In this case, the subordinate is also held criminally responsible, because due obedience to this type of order cannot be argued unless there is insurmountable external coercion].
In relation to the international responsibility of individuals, the International Criminal Court can hold every individual responsible for the commission of crimes, once the procedural phases have been completed, when it has been established that the person has committed any of the crimes contained in the [1998] Rome Statute, namely:
(i) genocide;
(ii) war crimes;
(iii) crimes against humanity;
(iv) crime of aggression, when it is defined.
In fact, the ICC Statute establishes the ways in which a person can be held responsible[.] 
Colombia, Manual de Derecho Operacional Manual FF.MM. 3-41 Público, Primera Edición 2009, Comando General de las Fuerzas Militares, aprobado por el Comandante General de las Fuerzas Armadas por Disposición Número 056, 7 December 2009, pp. 156–157.
[footnotes in original omitted]
Colombia’s Directive No. 10 (2007), whose objective is to prevent the killing of protected persons, states: “The order of a superior does not exempt the person who … carries out the order from individual criminal responsibility for violations of international humanitarian law.” 
Colombia, Directive No. 10, 2007, § VI(3).
In 1997, in reply to a report of the Special Rapporteur of the UN Commission on Human Rights on Torture, the Colombian Government referred to its decision to present to Congress the reform of the military criminal justice system beginning in March 1997. As to the defence of obedience to superior orders, it stated that it “could only be invoked when the act was the result of a legitimate order and did not infringe fundamental rights”. 
Colombia, Reply of the government to a report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture of the UN Commission on Human Rights, referred to in UN Commission on Human Rights, Special Rapporteur on Torture, Fifth report, UN Doc. E/CN.4/1998/38, 24 December 1997, § 66.