Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
In 2003, during a debate in the UN Security Council on the protection of women, China stated:
China condemns all violent acts committed against women in armed conflict, urges all parties to the conflict to abide by international humanitarian and human rights law. Those who commit crimes against women should be brought to justice. The international community should intensify its effort to protect and assist conflict-affected women.
In 2006, in a statement before the UN Security Council during a debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the deputy permanent representative of China stated:
The issue of protection of civilians in armed conflict is an old topic. International humanitarian law, including the fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and its two Additional Protocols of 1977, sets out adequate provisions in this regard. While the provisions of international humanitarian law have been widely accepted, there are still many challenges in their implementation. We are deeply concerned by the fact that the lives and properties of civilians are threatened in relevant armed conflicts. We urge the relevant parties to armed conflicts to abide by international humanitarian law, render adequate protection to civilians, and avoid making damage to their lives and properties.